Zonnestraal, ship on the heath

In 1924 Thomas Mann published his novel The Magic Mountain: a masterpiece about medicine, death and disease. The story centers on the experiences of Hans Castorp, a young bourgeois German, at a tuberculosis sanatorium in the Swiss Alps. The book has had me in its tight grip ever since I bought it in 2015 and with a generous 900 pages, it’s the thickest book I didn’t finish yet. After two exciting tries I’m currently climbing it for the third time – and I’m still struggling. So, in an attempt to bring the book alive, I decided to visit Zonnestraal, Schip op de heide in Amsterdam-west; an exhibition that shows us the history of a world-famous Dutch sanatorium in Hilversum.[1]    

Public enemy number one

When you enter the exhibition in Museum Het Schip you’re immediately faced with the facts: tuberculosis was, and still is, one of the most lethal infectious diseases worldwide. At the dawn of the 19thcentury, the disease claimed ten-thousand victims each year in the Netherlands. TBC afflicted every section of the population, but mostly the lower social classes. While people from the elite were visiting sanatoriums to cure, poor working-class people were trapped in dirty cities. Terrible work- and living conditions were the most important allies of the tuberculosis bacillus: a lack of sunlight and ventilation, a lot of moist and poor hygiene were a lethal combination. The social consequences were enormous, especially when TBC affected the breadwinner of the family. Stigma made that people ended up in social isolation. 

Patients “curing” on the balcony of sanatorium Zonnestraal.

Hope for a better future

The most important information, like the above, is written on the hospital-white-walls of the museum, not to be missed. In the first room you can watch a short video, that tells you something about the architecture of former sanatorium Zonnestraal in Hilversum, which was created as a result of an unequalled belief in progress. It’s a typical example of modernist architecture, we find out; the white concrete, blue steel and transparent glass symbolizes hope for a better future. It reflects the concepts of air, light and hygiene in a highly functional building.  

The realization of this unique piece of architecture starts in the dusty factories of the diamond industry. The diamond workers founded the first modern worker’s union in 1894 (Algemene Nederlandse Diamantwerkersbond) and they managed to improve the working conditions. Despite of that, the tuberculosis got worse. One of their members, Jan van Zutphen, then founded the Copper Stalk Fund (Koperen Stelen Fonds) and the union used the profits they made from copper stalks and diamond powder to buy the estate “Pampahoeve”; here they could build a sanatorium to cure people.

For a moment it feels like we are actually at Zonnestraal, as we look at big pictures of the monument in all it’s glory. Curator Joppe Schaaper (30) joins me and we walk through the exhibition together. For years the municipality of Hilversum has been trying to draw national and international attention to the sanatorium. Schaaper: ‘the adventure started for me when the municipality asked me to do research on Zonnestraal, because they were working on a request for the UNESCO world heritage list.’ Unfortunately, the nomination failed and the city of Hilversum had to find other ways to put the sanatorium in the spotlight; they turned to Museum Het Schip. 

Social context

In the second room I listen to an audio clip of the Dutch Queen Mother Emma, who called for support for the tuberculosis control. A bust of Jan van Zutphen is shining in the center of the white space. Museum Het Schip is located in an iconic, ‘Amsterdamse School’-style building, designed in 1919 by Michel de Klerk. It was a safe haven for working class people who, after the implementation of the Housing Act (1902), finally found a good home. 

Amsterdamse School architecture.

‘The link with Zonnestraal is quite obvious,’ says Schaaper. ‘Architecturally spoken, the two buildings have nothing in common, but there is an important connection in social context. Over here it’s about work and over there it’s about health; the main incentive for both is idealism. People were living in bad houses and they suffered from terrible working conditions. A solution had to be found for that, so the people joined forces, everything based on a social enthusiasm; a belief in progress. That’s the kind of feeling I hope the people leave with, after a visit here.’ 

The people: quite an important factor in a social-historic museum like this, I would argue. The curator tells me that he has his own ideas about what the exhibition should look like. He didn’t want it to be ‘flat’ (solved by placing objects on different heights) and by using objects (like a cigar in an ashtray) that evoke a feeling of nostalgia he tries to make a personal connection with the visitors, he tells me. 

Although I like the thought of the feelings he tries to evoke, I’m hoping that there might be some cooperation with the visitors, which, turns out, is not the case. Luckily, this has more to do with the fact that Het Schip is a small museum and Joppe had to collect his artefacts here and there, than with Huizinga’s wish to protect our stoic historical science from passionate and sentimental ‘plebeian people’.[2]‘I think the exhibition is clear and the people seem to be impressed,’ says Schaaper. 

It starts with you

Idealism: I do feel it when me and Joppe walk past a big banner with the line ‘de sterken voor de zwakken’ (the strong for the weak). He shows me the third room, where there is some more information about the architecture of Zonnestraal and then we walk out. I ask him whether he has read The Magic Mountain…I will leave no further comment on his – slightly disappointing – answer. But I forgive him, because the exhibition gave me motivation. It gave me motivation in the first place to clean my room – and I hear you laugh – but clean rooms, clean streets, clean cities and clean countries in a healthy global environment is something to fight for. It starts with your own room. 

Tuberculosis can be cured for over fifty years now. That is, in the so-called ‘West’. A quarter of the world’s population is still infected with tuberculosis, which means that on a yearly basis ten million people get infected, causing 1,5 million people their death. According to the RIVM (National Insitute for Public Health and Environment) it is the most lethal infectious disease. Apart from all the collecting boxes in the museum displays – crowdfunding for tuberculosis has been going on for a long time – Joppe also put up a QR-code; so visit the museum, get your phone out and donate!

And after you have done that; read The Magic Mountain or watch the film.

‘Schip op de heide’ is to be seen until 12 januari 2020 in Museum Het Schip, Oostzaanstraat 45 in Amsterdam. For more information about exhibitions and excursions to Zonnestraal, visit the website.  

Paul Stam

[1]Bjørnar Olsen argues for objects as actors in the ‘drama’ of the narrative. I figured it might help me with my book. See: Catherine Colebourne, ‘Collecting psychiatry’s past: collectors and their collections of psychiatric objects in western histories, in: Catherine Colebourne and Dolly Mckinnon (eds.), Exhibiting madness in museums: remembering psychiatry through collections and display (London and New York, 2011) 25-26. 

[2]For more about Johan Huizinga’s slightly old-fashioned, but still beautifully expressed opinions, see: Johan Huizinga, ‘De taak der cultuurgeschiedenis’, in: Johan Huizinga, De taak der cultuurgeschiedenis (Groningen 1995) 95-107.

368 thoughts to “Zonnestraal, ship on the heath”

  1. Do you agree with the curator that Museum Het Schip was the right location to host this exhibition? For me personally, it was a bit of a peculiar choice. When I went there a few months ago, I was going there because I am a fan of the architect of Zonnestraal, Jan Duiker. I thought the exhibition would be mostly about the architecture, since Museum Het Schip is an architectural museum itself. I was, as a visitor, a bit ‘disappointed’ that the exhibition was mostly about health and the use of Zonnestraal, rather than the architecture of the building. What did you think of this?

  2. Thank you for your comment, Lucie. Personally, I think Het Schip is a great location for the exhibition, mainly because the museum is about so much more then just architecture. It focusses on the living conditions of working-class people and tuberculosis played an important role in that. Apart from housing, it’s nice to know something about other important initiatives concerning health and disease. I agree with you in the sense that a lot of visitors of the museum are interested in architecture, but with the architecture comes a story about social reform and for me that story is just as important as the architecture itself. It might have been good to learn some more about the design of sanatorium Zonnestraal, but then again, it’s a small exhibition, in a small museum; decisions had to be made. In my opinion, the curator did a good job.

  3. Propecia Uk 1mg Cialis Levitra Prezzo [url=http://rxbill6.com]non prescription levitra[/url] Fluoxetin Online Bestellen Ohne Rezept Come Comprare Priligy

  4. Stop Propecia Trop Cher Buy Cheap Propecia Uk [url=http://viapill.com]buy viagra online[/url] Acheter Cialis Ligne Pas Cher Tadalafil Nedir

  5. Levitra 10 Mg Prospecto Cialis Para Hombres Colchicine Online Canada [url=http://buysildenaf.com]viagra[/url] Cheap Cialis 40 Mg Precio De Propecia En Farmacia

  6. Online football betting website Online casinos, Thai lottery,Laos lottery, slots, roulette, poker, online baccarat, dragon, gourd, crab, fish, dice, fish, Hi-Lo, fastest deposit-withdrawing to be ranked no. 1 on the GOOGLE page. Just search for the word VEGUS can play.Via phone system for both IOS and Android for 24 hours

  7. silahkan di chek website yang sudah terbukti dapat memastikan bahwa website yang terkenal disini , kunjungi livechat jppoker untuk anda yang ingin mencoba poker idn dan juga idn play poker yang terkini dari jppoker.

  8. Yes, it’s so important to grab the readers’ attention and make sure he or she really reads right to the end.Example 2

  9. Our content team is made up of seasoned analysts and meticulous editors who share this mission. We’re backed by a tech team that’s committed to delivering a seamless user experience and an engagement-driven advertising team with financial expertise. 한국야동

  10. Great ?V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task.. 바둑이사이트넷

  11. I have recently started a web site, the info you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work. Are you looking for sports betting online? just click the link: We provide almost all games including typical ho games, gameplay, all-bet games, micro games, Taisan games, Playtech, and Asian games. 슬롯머신777사이트

  12. Hello there! This is my first comment here, so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading your articles.

  13. you’rе in point of fact a jyst right webmaster.The website loading vel?city iss amazing.
    It seems that you’rе doing any unique tr?ck. In addition, The contents are masterpiece.
    you have done a wonderful activity in thi? subject! 고스톱사이트

  14. I do trust all the ideas уou’ve introduced for your post.
    They’re гeally convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very brief forr novices.

  15. you’rе in point of fact a jyst right webmaster.The website loading vel?city iss amazing.
    It seems that you’rе doing any unique tr?ck. In addition, The contents are masterpiece.
    you have done a wonderful activity in thi? subject! 고스톱사이트

  16. I am extremely inspired along with your writing talents as smartly as with the layout in your weblog.
    keep up the excellent high quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice weblog like this one these days..고스톱

  17. Greetings I am so glad I found your weblog, I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Bing for something else,
    Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a incredible post and a all round interesting blog.바카라사이트

  18. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blοg.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to gеt thаt “perfect balance” betwaeеn superb usability.섯다

  19. I discovered your blog site on google and check a few of your early posts. Continue to keep up the very good operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking forward to reading more from you later on!…
    I loved your blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

    Thanks for the best blog.it was very useful for me. keep sharing these ideas in the future as well.

  20. What i don’t understood is in fact how you’re no longer really a lot more neatly-liked than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You know thus significantly on the subject of this matter, made me individually imagine it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested unless it’s something to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time handle it up!

  21. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I am very glad to see such excellent information being shared freely out there.

  22. Thumbs up for this site. It is good to have a website and innovation in every business. I don’t know why other business doesn’t want to afford this process.

    for posting this. I will return here to see what’s new and recommend my acquaintenances about this web

  23. I loved up to you will obtain performed right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an impatience over that you want be handing over the following. ill definitely come further until now again as precisely the similar just about very frequently within case you defend this increase.

  24. I feel this is among the so much important information for me.
    And i am happy studying your article. But should commentary on some common issues,
    The website style is great, the articles is in reality excellent : D.
    Excellent task, cheers

  25. I am extremely inspired along with your writing talents as smartly as with the layout in your weblog.
    keep up the excellent high quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice weblog like this one these days.. 고스톱

  26. Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon. Big thanks for the useful info. 바둑이게임

  27. I believe this is among the so much important information for me. And i am glad reading your article. However wanna commentary on few common issues, The website style is ideal, the articles is really excellent.W ant to learn about sports betting?visit my site here: 토토사이트

  28. Hi therе friends, good piece of writing and good arguments commented at this place, I am truly enjoying by these. looking for online casite site? we highly recommended this 100% trusted site and one of the most best site in online casino, if your interested feel free to visit our web site for more information by clicking here 온라인카지노

  29. This post offers clear idea designed for the new visitors of blogging, that tгuly how to do blogging and site-building. For those online casino fanatics, we highly recommeded this 100% trusted site of ours! One of the most trusted site among other online casino site. this 100% proven and tested. If you guys looking for fun and if you guys interested, feel free to visit to our website, feel free to ask . kindly click here 스포츠토토
    . Try you luck now, We asure you will Have the fun and and joy your looking for!

  30. Search a Customer Care Number and other Contact Information to connect with Real Human. Get Genuine Customer Service Phone Number. Support Helpline Number. Visit Ask2Human.com

  31. Greate article. Keep posting such kind of info on your blog. Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hi there, You have performed an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg it and individually suggest to my friends. I am sure they’ll be benefited from this web site. 인터넷바카라

  32. I have been surfing online more than three hours as of late, but I by no means found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is pretty worth sufficient for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before. 온라인 카지노 불법

  33. I’m really impressed together with your writing talents as well as with the layout in your blog. Is this a paid subject matter or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent high quality writing, it’s uncommon to look a great blog like this one nowadays.. 온라인카지노 커뮤니티

  34. Berkshire did not buy actual gold. But shares of mining companies typically rise and fall in tandem with the price of the commodity. So it’s hard to be bullish on a miner if you think gold prices are going to plummet.

  35. Berkshire did not buy actual gold. But shares of mining companies typically rise and fall in tandem with the price of the commodity. So it’s hard to be bullish on a miner if you think gold prices are going to plummet.

  36. db
    Even though the US stock market has rebounded from a brief bear market in March and is back near record highs, several investing experts are agitated about what will come next.

  37. Some investors are worried about a second wave of coronavirus cases further crippling the economy. There are also concerns about the lack of another major economic stimulus plan from Washington.

  38. If all that weren’t enough, the United States and China have renewed their trade tensions. There are also longer-term worries about a nasty comeback in inflation because of the Federal Reserve’s policies of zero interest rates and trillions of dollars in loan programs.

  39. So Buffett might be making a bet on more fear — and an eventual rise in rates — hurting the economy. There are other signs that Berkshire is taking more steps to position its portfolio for such a downturn.

  40. 주식디비
    Berkshire revealed in its latest regulatory filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission Friday that it had sold out of its stake in investment banking giant Goldman Sachs (GS) and trimmed its positions in big banks Wells Fargo (WFC), JPMorgan Chase (JPM), PNC (PNC), Bank of New York Mellon (BK), US Bancorp (USB) and M&T (MTB).

  41. Buffett’s dumping of big banks also comes shortly after he soured on the airline industry. Berkshire no longer owns shares of Southwest (LUV), Delta (DAL), American (AAL) or United (UAL).

  42. Still, it’s not entirely clear of Berkshire’s new stake in Barrick was Buffett’s idea or if it was the brainchild of one of his top two investing lieutenants. Berkshire executives Todd Combs and Ted Weschler help manage Berkshire’s massive investment portfolio. Combs is also the CEO of Geico.

  43. Berkshire reported a rebound in earnings for the second quarter after posting a massive loss in the first quarter due to coronavirus-related disruptions to its railroad, utilities and energy, insurance and retail units.

  44. New York (CNN Business)The S&P 500 (SPX) is so close to a new record high — its first since the pandemic hit and exceeding its all-time high from February. The stock index fell short of a new peak on Tuesday, but it remains just an arm’s length away.

  45. A new all-time high in the next few days would mean it took Wall Street less than five months to go from nadir to new record, and if that happens, it would make the 2020 bear market the shortest in history.

  46. The magic closing number for the S&P 500 is 3,386.15. The index closed down 0.8% on Tuesday, reversing earlier gains and falling just over 50 points — ending the day about 1.5% short of its milestone. Even so, the S&P could reach that level within the next few days.

  47. If all eventually falls into place, the coronavirus bear market will have been the shortest ever at just 1.1 months, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices’ Howard Silverblatt. It will almost certainly be the fastest recovery on record.

  48. A new all-time high in the next few days would mean it took Wall Street less than five months to go from nadir to new record, and if that happens, it would make the 2020 bear market the shortest in history.

  49. The magic closing number for the S&P 500 is 3,386.15. The index closed down 0.8% on Tuesday, reversing earlier gains and falling just over 50 points — ending the day about 1.5% short of its milestone. Even so, the S&P could reach that level within the next few days.

  50. If all eventually falls into place, the coronavirus bear market will have been the shortest ever at just 1.1 months, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices’ Howard Silverblatt. It will almost certainly be the fastest recovery on record.

  51. Although the index is closing in on a record, it doesn’t meet everyone’s definition of a new bull market just yet. CFRA Research defines a bull market as a 20% rally off the prior low that doesn’t get undercut within six months. The S&P is still just short of a bull market by that definition — but it will very likely happen, unless there’s a sudden market crash in the next few weeks.

  52. Stocks fell into a bear market during the March pandemic selloff. A bear market is a 20% drop from the most recent highs. But, by April, the S&P 500 had already rebounded 20% off its lows, putting it on track for a new bull market and risking whiplash for investors.

  53. The market has continued to rally since then, boosted by unprecedented fiscal and monetary stimulus, as well as hopes for an economic rebound and a rally in certain sectors, including technology. The S&P 500 is now up 3.2% for the year.

  54. Stocks ended the session lower on Tuesday. The Dow (INDU) closed down 0.4%, or 105 points. The Nasdaq Composite (COMP), which last set a record high last Thursday, spent to whole day in the red and finished down 1.7%.

  55. Late Monday, President Donald Trump said the White House was considering a capital gains tax cut, which boosted the morale on Wall Street earlier in the day before the optimism fizzled out.

  56. Since congressional negotiations for the next stimulus package broke down last week, Trump signed executive orders over the weekend to boost unemployment benefits and ease payroll tax burdens for some Americans. The efficacy and legality of these actions remains a hotly debated topic in Washington.

  57. “Instead of protecting the most vulnerable people in this time of global crisis, Greek authorities have targeted them in total breach of the right to seek asylum and in disregard for their health,” said Eva Cosse, Greece researcher at HRW.

  58. Greek ministers told the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties Committee in July that reports of officials using violence and even shooting at migrants were “fake news,” underlining the key role the country plays in “keeping EU borders safe, always respecting fundamental rights.”

  59. Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis denied sea pushback reports in a CNN interview last week, saying the country had “a tough but very fair” border policy and that Turkey had “weaponized” the situation by opening its borders in early March. He said any incident that was not in line with government instructions would be investigated, adding that Europe needed to work with Greece.

  60. On July 30, 129 migrants tested positive for Covid-19 at a camp in Treviso, in Italy’s Veneto region. Lampedusa’s 90-person capacity camp currently has 1,300 residents, according to Weiss.

  61. After more than 200 migrants ran away from a camp in Sicily last month, the region’s governor Nello Musumeci warned in a statement of an “unsustainable situation,” saying “the issue of migrants has also become a matter of public order and health.”

  62. The Italian government agreed to send the military to Sicily, while the UK’s Ministry of Defence said it had received a request from the Home Office to support its Border Force, which is working to make Channel crossings “unviable.”

  63. Rescue boats have faced vigilante mobs at Greek islands in recent months. Cosse told CNN that migrants had been quarantined for months at island camps, which are at four times their capacity with more than 24,000 residents.

  64. It said that during lockdown, “inequality has been sharpened for transit communities, further limiting access to asylum, healthcare, adequate accommodation, and safety from brutal collective expulsions.”

  65. European Commissioner Ylva Johansson said allegations of violence against asylum-seekers across the EU must be investigated. “We cannot protect our borders by violating people’s rights,” she said.

  66. Yaxley said the situation was still “very manageable,” but there needed to be “EU solidarity with those Mediterranean coastal states through relocation programs … so that there’s a sharing of the distribution of the responsibility.”

  67. Coronavirus has left countries such as Tunisia facing serious economic hardship and unemployment, while others, including Libya, are dealing with the effects of war. That’s led to an increase in sea arrivals this year in countries including Italy and Malta, according to figures from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

  68. But European responses have often been brutal. Humanitarian organizations say pushbacks at borders in countries such as Greece, an absence of sea rescues in the Mediterranean and unhealthy quarantine arrangements have created huge challenges

  69. And it comes at a time when movement is harder and more dangerous thanks to travel restrictions and the closure of transport routes and processing centers.

  70. Last week, a man was found dead on Sangatte beach, near Calais in northern France. He and a friend had tried to cross the English Channel, one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes, in an inflatable dinghy with shovels for paddles.


  71. Sangatte Mayor Guy Allemand told CNN on Wednesday that more people were traveling on makeshift boats “due to the increased surveillance in ports and tunnels” after Franco-British security measures were ramped up last year.로또디비

  72. The news came on the same day that at least 45 migrants perished in the deadliest recorded shipwreck off the Libyan coast this year, according to the UNHCR and International Organization for Migration (IOM).

  73. Track Cycling has been around since at least 1870. When cycling was in its infancy, wooden indoor tracks were built, resembling the velodromes of today. With the exception of 1912, the discipline has been featured at every Olympic Games since the first modern Games. 스포츠토토

  74. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post.토토 Also, I ave shared your website in my social networks!

  75. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, 토토사이트 I’m certainly delighted I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and
    checking back frequently!

  76. That is really attention-grabbing, You’re an overly
    skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and stay
    up for in the hunt for more of your excellent post.
    Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks

  77. Attractive element of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and
    in accession capital to say that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I’ll be subscribing on your feeds or even I success
    you get entry to persistently fast.

  78. After going over a number of the blog posts on your website, I truly appreciate your way
    of writing a blog. I saved it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the
    near future. Please check out my web site as well and let me know how you feel.

  79. Just wish to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your
    post is simply great and i could assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date
    with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue
    the rewarding work.

  80. Roulette is a casino game named after the French word meaning little wheel. In the game, players may choose to place bets on either a single number, various groupings of numbers, the colors red or black, whether the number is odd or even, or if the numbers are high (19–36) or low (1–18). 카지노커뮤니티

  81. I think the restaurant which you told me in the letter is very interesting. I also like to eat out and I usually go to a restaurant for dinner with my family tiwce a month.,승인전화없는 토토사이트 The food is deliciuous so we enjoy it very much. The service is also quick and frienfdly

  82. website positioning refers to using simple indexing and rating in engines like google affordable means to make the fundamental components of the location appropriate mashvofor engines like google, in order that it’s simpler to be included within the search engine and the search precept.

  83. Exterior primarily embody: exterior hyperlinks, Exterior hyperlinks are prime quality, pleasant hyperlinks.In my view, the inner optimization of the location is best,as a result of different content material could also be principally accomplished in just a few cycles,
    good morning quoteswith out important adjustments.The principle consideration of web site content material replace new articles is content material relevance and key phrase density.Well timed updates are conducive to the friendliness of spiders to the whole website.

  84. Microsoft has made it clear that the dependence on Windows 7 is nearing the end, the company’s goal is to migrate users ‘ PCs and enterprise infrastructure
    good morning quotes hindi to Windows 10, that is, its latest operating system, the current market share has more than 50%.11 months after Microsoft ended support for Windows 7, Google also began urging Chromium developers to stop using Windows 7, because Windows 7 is no longer supported by Microsoft and the Chromium community.

  85. Developers who are still using Chromium should upgrade to Windows 10, or consider trying an app like Process Explorer to detect Chromium issues on Windows 7.But it’s unclear when Chromium will completely stop working on the old platform. good morning quotes in hindiAs we reported earlier, Microsoft is still offering a free upgrade to Windows 7 for those running Windows 10 Home, professional, and ultimate licenses.

  86. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon! 토토

  87. Instagram snapshot ads are becoming more and more isaimini important because snapshots are a popular platform for consumers to share and explore”good things.”

  88. Instagram instagram instagram instagram isaimini snapshot ads are in a very similar format to snapshot ads from other platforms, businesses can easily process creative materials and share them to snapshot locations of the Instagram snapshot ad platform to maximize the display of

  89. Instagram Instagram instagram instagram snapshot advertising usage trends are obvious, so it is necessary for merchants to immediately develop Instagram sourav joshi vlogs snapshot advertising-related strategies and use Instagram snapshot ads to promote their business for consumers on this popular content sharing and exploration platform….

  90. I will have to agree don’t push it take what you can and move up to the next level in the long run you will come out to be a winner, love this video by the way and thanks 릴게임

  91. Having read this I believed it was extremely informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it! 파워볼 하는법

  92. 通过Soldsie,商家可以通过两种方式在Instagram上向消费者销售产品。首先,商家可以将照片和描述上传到Soldsie仪表板,发布到Instagram或Facebook,然后粉丝通过在产品的评论中键入“sold”来购买。在发表评论后,客户将收到发票以完成购买。good morning quotes in kannada最后我们说说Instagram软件分析工具,这些都是我们提高和改进instagram流量的根本,这几个工具均是非常关键,大家可自己搜寻一下相关使用方法。做社交的账户实际上非常直观,只不过便是两点:第一:明白用户要什么.二:不断的克服他们的需求明白用户要什么,非常关键的一点便是要研究用户他们于关注什么,用户的特征是什么,才可以精准化运营!

  93. 如果你关注那些人们点击的“喜欢”(小心脏)按钮,就可以更好地了解你的粉丝的喜好。这不仅可以帮助你决定以后要发布的图片的类型,还可以为你的产品做一个小的市场调研。good morning quotes in kannada(7)节奏规律地更新信息就像所有的社交媒体网站一样,坚持规律地更新是成功的关键。这会让你的观众知道该在什么时候期待你的新内容。 (8)网红营销 保证覆盖面也保证可信度网红营销在Instagram上尤其突出,并且作为一种促销实体商品的手段,效果更佳显著。为什么呢?因为网红营销能够使产品推向更广泛和全新的受众,同时利用网红营销,这类产品推荐更具可信度。

  94. Instagram标签非常重要,我们每次发帖都必须尽量带有热门话题标签,这点可以让我们的图片在茫茫人海之中被人找到。标签的关键词尽量使用热门话题关键词,谁掌握了这些流量来源基础,就掌握了大流量的前提。每个帖子可以使用30个标签,当然我们有时候使用10个热门的就足够了,同时如果你是做品牌运营的,您还可以创建自己独自的标签,增加你的品牌曝光度。good morning quotes in kannada(3)最佳发帖时间 Instagram发布的最佳时间是凌晨2点和下午5点,美国东部时间和周三往往是最佳的一天。而Mayfair过滤器的参与度最高,没有过滤器排在第二位。每个Instagram帐号有不同的受众。找出你的照片在什么时候获得最多赞和评论,然后经常在那些时间段发布照片。

  95. Hello, I’ve been working with the target db for over 5 years with the work team.
    We will always try to profit from sales and marketing with the latest DB.
    If you contact us anytime 24 hours a day, we will be kindly consulted.
    Here is my web site …주식디비

    Watch India Wali Maa Apne Tv Serial Video All Episodes Online, Sony Tv Drama India Wali Maa Today new episode free at MX Player, Desi Serial

  96. I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. 먹튀검증, I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site?

  97. حفاظ شاخ گوزنی چیست ، قیمت حفاظ شاخ گوزنی ، انواع شاخ گوزنی ، تراکم حفاظ شاخ گوزنی ، خرید نرده شاخ گوزنی روی دیوار ، شاخ گوزنی شرکتی ، قیمت گارد شاخ گوزنی متری ، قیمت حافظ شاخ گوزنی سر دیوار ، نرده

  98. حفاظ شاخ گوزنی (Deer antler guard) محبوب ترین نوع حفاظ روی دیوار است حتی با اینکه جهت بالا بردن امنیت فضاهای خصوصی، اداره ­جات و منازل از تکنولوژی ها و فناوری های بسیاری استفاده می شود

  99. حفاظ شاخ گوزنی را می توان یکی از امن ترین و زیبا ترین حفاظ روی دیوار ساختمان دانست

  100. بزرگترین کارخانه ها در زمینه تولید ، فروش ، نصب ، خدمات پس از فروش ، تعمیر انواع کرکره برقی ، جک درب پارکینگ ، دوربین مدار بسته ، دزدگیر اماکن و راهبند می باشد که فعالیت خود را از سال 1390 آغاز نموده است .

  101. طراح ، مشاور و مجری انواع سیستم های نظارتی با بیش از ۳۰۰۰ پروژه موفق انجام شده در تهران و کرج و حومه در زمینه تولید و نصب و راه اندازی انواع کرکره برقی اتومات ، دوربین مداربسته ، درب های اتومات

  102. جک درب اتوماتیک ، کرکره برقی ، دوربین مداربسته ، درب شیشه ای سیکوریت ، دزدگیر آپارتمان و اماکن ، اعلام حریق ، سایبان و سقف برقی ، هوشمندسازی ساختمان ، آیفون تصویری

  103. سازه تک ارائه دهنده خدمات در زمینه کرکره برقی، جک درب پارکینگ، دزدگیر اماکن، دوربین مداربسته و راه بند

  104. Hard to ignore such an amazing article like this. You really amazed me with your writing talent. Thank for you shared again.룰렛

  105. Wow! Such an amazing and helpful post this is. I really really love it. It’s so good and so awesome. I am just amazed. I hope that you continue to do your work like this in the future also.

    섯다 족보

  106. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this website and I am impressed!
    Very helpful info particularly the last part 🙂 I take care of such
    information much. I used to be seeking this particular info for
    a long time. Thanks a lot and better of luck.


  107. The price of the dollar at eghtesadafarin economic news
    قیمت دلار در اقتصاد آفرین، سامانه جامع تحلیل اخبار اقتصادی

  108. I love reading meaningful and valid information. I found good info on your blog; you are indeed a great webmaster. Keep posting. Also, check out seagate 1 tb hard disk

  109. Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue. I fit in with your 먹튀검증사이트 and will eagerly look forward to your next updates. Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantastic lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates

  110. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return. 안전놀이터

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.