Upgrading the historian

Author: Maddie van Leenders

One stereotype of the historian is that he is intimidated by, maybe even frightened for, but also reluctant to use new digital possibilities to do and present their historical research. Frankly, I am among them. Although the historians of this generation get more in touch with these techniques, by courses during bachelor or master phases for instance, this approach is still completely different from the known tradition of writing, reading and interpreting of texts. This new digital age and its possibilities, however, cannot be ignored.

And maybe that is also why I got fascinated by John Theibault’s article, Visualizations and Historical Arguments (2013).Theibault, director of the South Jersey Center for Digital Humanities at Stockton College and proponent of digital visualizations, starts his article with the famous one-liner: ‘A picture is worth a thousand words’. In his argumentation however, he emphasizes visualizations in terms of digital statistical ones, such as animated maps or graphs. Theibault argues that these digital visualizations can be used for both doing research (e.g. easy recognition of patterns in immense datasets) and, in particular, for presenting research and bolstering the historical argument.

Theibault gives us multiple examples of visualizations, built by and for historians. One of the examples is the time-lapse map of nuclear explosions between 1945 and 1998 by Isao Hashimoto. Another one is the digital network visualization Mapping the Republic of Letters, developed at Stanford University. Although these projects are illustrative and inspirational, Theibault mentions the existence of a ‘gap’ between historians and these digital visualizations. According to Theibault, historians often have a ‘print mentality’ towards them: their knowledge is often falling behind in the digital, animated area. Besides that he argues that historians traditionally use statistical figures more as a ‘supplement’ rather than as the basis of the historical argument. At the end of the article, he concludes: ‘In either case, at some point, historians will have to accustom themselves to ‘reading’ network diagrams as adeptly as they read maps or scatter plots’.

Printscreen of the visualization of Mapping the Republic of Letters, http://stanford.edu/group/toolingup/rplviz/rplviz.swf

His main argument seems to be that these digital visualizations are the future and that we expect from today’s historians to learn how to use complex, digital ones for doing and presenting their research. This made me wonder: to what extent do historians have to accumulate knowledge about these complex digital visualizations, before they are labelled as ‘old fashioned’?  And to what extent is this new way of doing and presenting research going to replace our traditional historical method? Of course, I was not the only one with these questions.

On January 5th 2015, the American Historical Association held their annual meeting, dedicated to the subject ‘Text Analysis, Visualizations, and Historical Interpretation’. The meeting’s abstract does not only acknowledge the enrichment of these digital visualizations, but also poses some critical questions about the consequences for the historical profession. For instance, how do they answer questions about causality, correlation and historical interpretation, which are typical for the historical method?

Likewise, historian Greg Burris pays attention to this in his review of David Staley’ book Computer, Visualizations, and History (2013). According to Burris, historical research has its origin in text – history even starts with the invention of writing, he proclaims. Although these digital methods are unavoidable and may be the future, he insists that they will never take the place of traditional ones. We have to fit in these new digital visualizations somehow – and according to Adam Crymble, PhD History & Digital Humanities, we will need to cooperate with designers for this, as historians are unlikely to have an understanding of colour or form or how a website or a visualization is read or works.

In short, no one seems to deny the enrichment of the use of digital visualizations, and neither do I. However, these new digital methods bring along their own challenges and adjustments we as historians have to make. Maybe there should be more elaborate and deepening courses (already during the bachelor phase) to prepare the future historians for the new, complex digital visualizations and make them less intimidating. Nevertheless, I also agree that historians have to stay true to their original, text-based historical method. Interdisciplinary cooperation with statisticians and designers could be a solution, because I think it is quite unrealistic, and scornful perhaps towards other disciplines, to expect that historians can also become statisticians and designers. So, perhaps we should ‘upgrade’ the historian, make him a little less ‘illiterate’ with digital visualizations, and ‘downgrade’ the expectation that the historian also has to become a statistician and digital designer.


Crymble, Adam, ‘The Two Data Visualization Skills Historians Lack’, Thoughts of Public & Digital History, posted on March 13, 2013

Burris, Greg, ‘Burris on Staley, ‘Computers, Visualization, and History: How New Technology Will Transform Our Understanding of the Past’, H-Net, Humanities and Social Sciences Online, posted in October, 2014

Milligan, Ian, ‘Text Analysis, Visualization, and Historical Interpretation’ and the Digital Drop-In Room, Ian Milligan, posted on December 22, 2014. 

Theibault, John, ‘Visualizations and Historical Arguments’, in: Nawrotzki, Kristen and Dougherty, Jack, Writing History in the Digital Age (Ann Arbor, 2013)

30 thoughts to “Upgrading the historian”

  1. with thanks with regard to the particular article i have been on the lookout with regard to this kind of advice on the net for sum time these days and so with thanks. 먹튀검증

  2. Howdy! I realize this is sort of off-topic however I had to ask. Does managing a well-established website like yours take a lot of work? I’m completely new to running a blog but I do write in my journal every day. I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and views online. Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou! 우리카지노

  3. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly comeback. 토토사이트

  4. I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked your site to check out the new stuff you post. 바카라사이트

  5. In contrast La Liga has a style of its own entirely. Borrowing much from a South American ethic of flair football, the Spanish league is famed for its fast, flowing attacking brand of play. Spain’s Primera Division has won many admirers over recent years, firstly thanks to the Zidane inspired galacticos of Madrid and more recently the exploits of Ronaldinho Gaucho for Barcelona. The emphasis in Spain, more than any other in Europe, is on attacking play. Formations are based around ball playing midfielders and skilful wingers. This does produce a very open brand of football; however this does often expose defensive frailties. With the occasional exception (Sergio Ramos, Carles Puyol) Spanish defenders are not generally as strong as their counterparts in farther reaches of the game. This combined with the ability of attackers does make La Liga very enticing from a spectator point of view. 토토사이트

  6. I’m as you could probably teach a class concerning how to produce a great blog. This is fantastic! I need to say, what really got me was your design. You understand how to make your blog not just a rant about an issue. Youve made it possible for individuals to connect. Healthy, because not too many individuals know what theyre doing. 먹튀검증

  7. I’m going to read this. I’ll be sure to come back. thanks for sharing. and also This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. this is very nice one and gives indepth information. thanks for this nice article…안전놀이터

  8. This is an informational article written very efficiently. It seems to be very helpful to others including me. Thank you. Here is some news you might be interested in on my website. Would you like to come to 사설토토 to play? There are many things to do.

  9. That’s a great post. I am so happy to see this article. I would like to share this article on my website. Would you like to visit my website? 먹튀검증 This place will surely delight you and your friends!

  10. Having read this I believed it was really enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile! 오피

  11. Say no to paying tons of cash for overpriced Facebook advertising! Let me show you a platform that charges only a very small payment and provides an almost endless volume of web traffic to your website..


  12. Admiring the hard work you put into your blog and detailed information you provide. Great read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account..


  13. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this website and I am impressed!
    Very helpful info particularly the last part 🙂 I take care of such
    information much. I used to be seeking this particular info for
    a long time. Thanks a lot and better of luck.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.